Smoking and smoking cessation treatments have a pharmacological impact on some commonly used drugs and should be taken into account during the selection, introduction and cessation of medicines.
Ensuring patients are optimised on maximum tolerated doses of medicines in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction is essential in minimising the burden of the condition.
Intravenous fluid managementSubscription
An introduction to fluid management for adults in hospitals, covering replacement during resuscitation, malnourished patients and following large electrolyte losses.
The evidence base supporting pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for nausea and vomiting after surgery.
An overview of the assessment process for acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the hospital setting and the treatment options available.
Palliative management in end-stage liver diseaseSubscription
Early palliative interventions, including reviewing regular medicines and managing common symptoms, enables patients to remain comfortable during end-of-life care.
An overview of the treatments for anaemia in chronic kidney disease and the tests needed to prescribe and assess their effectiveness.
Parkinson’s disease: management and guidanceSubscription
An overview of Parkinson’s disease management, including discussion of the updated National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines.
An overview of management options for type 1 diabetes, the types of insulin, insulin regimens and strengths available for its day-to-day management as well as how to adjust doses and the role of carbohydrate counting and blood glucose monitoring.
Lung cancer: advances in management and therapySubscription
An overview of traditional and emerging immunotherapy-based targets and treatments available for lung cancer, their side effects and the impact immune checkpoint inhibitors have had on the treatment of non–small-cell lung cancer.
Discussing the MMR vaccine with patientsSubscription
As outlined in Public Health England’s ‘UK Measles and Rubella elimination strategy’, MMR vaccination needs to improve to achieve and maintain elimination in line with recommendations from the World Health Organization.
Try our quiz, with questions based on 2018’s CPD and learning articles, and test your knowledge of subjects ranging from depression in children and young people, menopause, type 1 diabetes mellitus and Parkinson’s disease.
Vision and eye health in childrenSubscription
How to advise parents, dispell myths and spot the ‘red flags’ for onward referral.
Managing plantar heel pain in the pharmacySubscription
How to differentiate plantar fasciopathy from other causes of plantar heel pain, advice for pharmacists on counselling patients and when to refer.
How to treat fungal nail effectivelySubscription
Owing to the high recurrence rate of fungal nail infections, pharmacy professionals should be able to advise patients on effective treatment and preventative and appropriate self-care strategies to avoid re-infection.
How to prevent common eye problemsSubscription
It is increasingly recognised that many modifiable lifestyle factors contribute to sight loss.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence’s guidelines describe the importance of early diagnosis and management of Lyme disease.
Frequency of hepatitis E infection is increasing in developed nations, and further research is needed to help develop effective treatment strategies for patients with both acute and chronic infections.
This article provides practical advice to support pharmacy professionals in their duty of care to recognise and refer patients with ‘red flag’ cancer symptoms.
Ensuring the safe and effective management of controlled drugs is an important role for pharmacists, particularly in secondary care.